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What Is Wing Chun?

The Effects of Wing Chun Kuen

Wing Chun is a close range martial art, which emphasises practicality and efficiency in its techniques rather than the use of brute strength.

Efficiency in Wing Chun is based on the concept that, the shortest distance between two points is a straight line and it always focuses on the opponent's centre line.

Practising Wing Chun helps to improve sensitivity, reflex, balance and coordination.

Origin of Wing Chun Kuen

Legend has it that Wing Chun martial art was founded by a woman named Yim Wing Chun who studied self-defence from Ng Mui, a Buddhist nun of 'Siu Lam' (Shaolin Temple, China), to repel a suitor.

However, Wing Chun's origins can be traced back earlier. During the reign of Manchu Emperor Yung Cheng (1723 –1736), Cheung Ng of Wu Pak, also known as Tan-Sau Ng (Palm-up Ng), fled the capital when he was suspected of subversive activities. He took refuge in Fatshan. There, he formed the Hung Fa Wui Koon and passed on his knowledge of Chinese opera and martial arts to his followers. The skills he taught embodied the principles and techniques of Wing Chun martial arts.

The Wing Chun technique was further developed by Yim Wing Chun (from whom the martial art was named after), Leung Bok Chau (Yim Wing Chun's husband), Wong Wah Bo, Leung Yee Tei and others. Wing Chun martial art flourished under Leung Jan. Grandmaster Yip Man brought it to Hong Kong from Fatshan and further refined the movements.

The Basics of the Art of Wing Chun Kuen

Sim Liu Tau (The First Form)

Translates as 'little idea form', this is the fundamental training of Wing Chun martial art and it consists of three parts. The first part develops the understanding of the basic movements. It also defines the centre line principles and the body structure. The second part focuses on the proper use of power and the energy flow. While the third part is the practice of the techniques utilising the 'xing' (action) and 'yi' (mind) which cultivate the internal energy.​

Chum Kiu (The Second Form)

​Known also as 'seeking arm form' or 'building the bridge', you learn how to reach out and bridge your opponent. It trains the shifting stance, footwork, kicks and various blocks.

Biu Jee (The Third Form)

Known as 'flying fingers' or 'thrusting finger form', it develops the attacking techniques, particularly in the fingertips, hands and elbows. You also use it to recover from missed or

over-committed strikes, thus its other name, 'gow gup sau' which means 'first aid hand'.​

Chi Sau (Sticky Hand Technique)

In Wing Chun, Chi Sau is the most important aspect of the training. It is a sparring technique which functions as a bridge between the 3 forms of Wing Chun martial art and free fighting. Chi Sau develops extreme sensitivity and reflexes using all the techniques, positions, knowledge of how to use the energy, learnt from stage to stage.

Wooden Dummy

It is to train the techniques without a sparring partner. Practising on the wooden dummy enables you to generate full power which is not possible with a training partner. It develops the 'inch-power' I.e. The focusing of the energy into the last inch of the strike. It also allows you to angle the strike to achieve maximum effect.

Weapon Forms

Bak Cham Dou (Butterfly swords)

Lok Dim Boon Kuan (Six-and-a-half point pole)

Zhineng Qigong

Separate session on Zhineng Qigong for self-healing and enhancement of intrinsic energy.

Advanced Training of Wing Chun Kuen

Iron Thread Fist will be incorporated in the Internal Training practice for senior students at Wing Chun Kuen Training Centre. 

The White Crane San Zhan (Iron Shirt) will continue to be practised by junior students. 

Iron Thread Fist

Iron Thread Fist is an old Southern Shaolin method under the Hung Gar system of Qigong or Internal Training which was created by Tid Kiu Sam (aka Leung Kwan), one of the best martial artists in the history of China. It builds internal power and strengthens the internal organs, bones, muscles and sinews.

It utilises limited footwork, movements and spirit with the unique combination of Sup Yi Kui Sao (12 Bridges), breath control, sounds, emotions, 5 elements as well as the philosophy of yin yang. With each of these 12 Bridges, different sounds are used to evoke various emotions that affect specific organs.

Different sounds made facilitate breath control and allow qi to be moved through the 12 main meridian channels (connected to specific organs) to the intended part of the body in order to achieve maximum effect from each of the 12 Bridges. 

White Crane San Zhan (Iron Shirt) 

A series of drills utilising Qigong and correct physical tension in order to strengthen the body to resist the impact of blows.

Wing Chun Kuen Terminologies


Cantonese Pronunciation

Siu Lim Tao (1st form)

Chum Kiu (2nd form)

Biu Jee (3rd form)

Mok Yan Chong

Dan Chi Sau

Sheong Chi Sau

Bong Sau

Gum Sau

Fak Sau

Fook Sau

Gaun Sau

Huen Sau

Jum Sau

Jut Sau

Kau Sau

Kwun Sau

Lan Sau

Lap Sau

Lin Wan Kuen

Mun Sau

Pak Sau

Pie Jarn

Po Pai

Tan Sau

Wu Sau

Biu Sau

Chair Pie

Gung Lik

Gwoy Jarn

Gor Sau

Jic Seen

Jing Jeung

Kup Jarn

Jong Seen

Sung Lik

Tok Sau

Wang Jeung

Yat Chi Kuen

Yee Gee Kim Yeung Ma

Chinese Writing









































English Translation

Little Idea

Arm Seeking

Thrusting Fingers

Wooden Dummy

Single Sticky Hand

Double Sticky Hand

Wing Arm

Pinning Hand

Whisking Hand

Perch on Arm

Low Block

Circling Hand

Sinking Block

Jerk Hand

Cross Hand

Rotating Arms

Bar Arm

Pulling Arm

Chain Punches

Asking Arm

Slap Block

Elbow Hacking

Double Palms

Palm Up Arm

Protective Arm

Thrusting Hand

Diagonal Elbow Strike

Hard Strength Strike

Horizontal Elbow Strike

Free Hand Technique

Straight Line

Vertical Palm Strike

Downward Elbow Strike

Centre Line


Lifting Hand Technique

Side Palm Strike

Straight Front Punch

Stance Position

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